The waking have one world in common, whereas each sleeper turns away to a private world of his own.
I think I need to write a song with that title. Sounds like a perfect song for some sort of world championship rugby game or something.
But isn’t that a terrific line. Heraclitus is the man! What a thinker. Given that he has been called the “central thinker” in all human history as well as “the father of the progress of the human mind,” one would think that his writings would be worth at least a semester of study.
We should let ourselves be guided by what is common to all. Yet, although the Logos is common to all, most men live as if each of them had a private intelligence of his own.
When Heraclitus says that “most men live as if each of them had a private intelligence of his own,” I think his statement that “each sleeper turns away into a private world” provides us with a very powerful analogy for understanding what he means. What happens in sleep is private to oneself. Those who sleep are not living in the world that is common to all. Sleepers live in a dreamy world all by themselves. And so it seems to me that a paraphrase of all this might be ‘most men live as if sleeping.’
But Heraclitus tells us
“One should not act or speak as if he were asleep.”
Liberal education is about waking up and staying awake.
But you ask “Who is it that is asleep?” How about people who have never had the opportunity, or even worse, have refused to consider the world in which they live? Imagine living a life in which you never took a significant amount of time to examine the world that we have in common. UGGGGH! Isn’t that a terrifying thought?
But you say “well, who doesn’t consider the world in which they live? Everyone knows as much as they need to know about the world by the time they graduate from high school?”
Ahhhhhh! But do they really? That is the question.
Isn’t it more likely that a person will live his life heeding the advice of the majority of those around him when they say things like “it would be nice to sit around and think about life and the world, but, man, you have to get practical. You have to make a living. And in order to make a living you have to get going right now!”
Who is really going to take the time to seek out good teachers with whom one might spend a few years reading books about say “the soul.” Sure would be nice to figure out what a soul is wouldn’t it? After all, everyone apparently has one, well at least that’s what they tell us…
Or how about things like ‘motion’ and ‘change?’ I think there is such a thing as ‘change’ isn’t there? What is it? The pre-socratic philosophers seemed to think that every change could be boiled down to change of place. And come to think of it- I think that is what many in the scientific community are saying now. Things don’t ever come to be or pass away– just a mixing and un-mixing of eternal particles. This is what I tell people at funerals. Come to think of it, I haven’t been to a funeral in a long time.
How about ‘time’ and ‘place?’ What are these things? aren’t these things included in the world that we have in common? One would think that it would be good to actually know what these things are given the relatively short time we have to live in this place.
But most men have never and will never take the time to examine these insignificant realities. Maybe they have become discouraged by those who have tried and have apparently failed to get anywhere (wherever and whatever ‘anywhere’ means!).
Better to just get a job and live in this world unknowing the world in which we live. Better to live in the world asleep? Hmmmm…..